The Features and Origin of Ardabil Rugs

by Rugsblog

If you are looking for the most special ones, we suggest the Ardabil rug. This rug has made a breathtaking combination of unique patterns and originality. If you plan to buy the Ardabil rug, the following information will be helpful for you.

The features of Ardabil rugs

The unique Ardabil Rug is one of the world’s biggest, most beautiful, and historically significant Islamic rugs. It’s stunning all by itself, but it also boasts connections to one of Iran’s most historic political dynasties. Its features include:

  • A typical knot density is between 100.000 and 250.000 knots per 10.8 square foot.
  • Ardabil rug has thin, linear patterns.
  • The rug’s border consists of a frame with several decorated cartouches, which are spaces in the shape of rectangular rectangles used for calligraphy. The design of the central medallion is likewise reflected in each of the four corner pieces.
  • The rich geometric patterns, vegetal scrolls, and floral embellishments that are so characteristic of Islamic art reach a fever pitch in this magnificent rug, enticing the viewer to stroll around and around, seeking to absorb every piece of design.

The origin of the Ardabil rug

The rug has its named after the town of Ardabil in northwestern Iran. Ardabil housed the shrine of Sufi saint Safi al-Din Ardabili, who died in 1334. (Sufism is Islamic mysticism). He was a Sufi guru who taught Islamic mystic practices to his disciples. His following grew after his death, and his descendants grew in power. In 1501, one of his descendants, Shah Isma’il, took control, united Iran, and made Shi’a Islam the state religion. The Safavids are the name given to the dynasty he established. Their reign lasted until 1722 and was one of the most influential periods in Islamic art, particularly in textiles and manuscripts.

What are the Ardabil rug types?

Some well-known rugs from the Ardabil collection include “Sheikh Safi,” “Sarabi,” “Shah Abbasi,” and “Mir.”

Sheikh Safi Rug

One of the two rugs given to the Sheikh Safi complex of Ardabil in 1539 CE is known as the Sheikh Safi. The 16-point turunj in the middle of the center field of this type of rug is renowned for its complex construction, original compositional elements, and decorative completeness. It was drawn by a talented artist, while the rug was woven in Tabriz or Ardabil by a group of skilled artisans A Kashani pilgrim purchased the rug in 1539 and donated it to the “Sheikh Safi” mosque as a charitable gift.


Sarabi rug

They got their name from the town of Sarab, which is between Tabriz and Ardabil. The Sarabi rug comes in the following varieties:
A series of vertical lines border the central field, each adorned with a different arrangement of blooming branches. The rugs have a lovely design and a good color scheme. The ornamental elements are woven in Karabakh rug-like dot patterns to some extent.

Shah Abbasi Rug

Shah Abbas I (1587–1629), the fifth ruler of the Safavid empire, is associated with the name of these rugs. Shah Abbas relocated the Safavid capital to Iran’s interior, specifically Isfahan. So many artisans decided to relocate to Isfahan because of this. The “ah Abbasi güllri” (Azerbaijani for “Flowers of Shakh Abbas”) elements in the “Gum-Shah Abbasi” rug are notable for their unusual form. Fig leaves and fantastical flowers make up the bulk of the decorations. This rug’s distinctive feature is its asymmetrical arrangement of elements along the horizontal axis.

Mir Rug

The Ardabil group of the Tabriz school named this rug after the villages Mir and Mirshi south of Ardabil. The Center field is butteh. These buteh’s vertical and horizontal arrangement resembles Shirvan “Maraza” and “Khila-buta” rugs. The “Mir” rug’s butteh is simpler. This butteh is also used in Tabriz and Kerman. The rug’s border and center edge used to be vegetal curve-linear elements, but as weaving techniques improved, they took on new forms.

The last word

Area rugs unify a room’s colors, add accent and texture, define a space, and make floor seating more comfortable. If you are interested in Ardabil rugs, you can find them in different colors to match your area.

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